为Kubernetes dashboard访问用户添加权限控制

作者: ygqygq2 分类: 系统/运维,虚拟化/容器 发布时间: 2018-10-17 10:29

为Kubernetes dashboard访问用户添加权限控制

[TOC]

1. 需求

在开发环境给开发人员创建应用部署管理权限,可以使用dashboard的token和kubeconfig文件登录,并在开发人员机器上安装kubectl命令,可以使用kubectl port-forward命令。

2. 方案

因为我们用到了dashboard和kubeapps,所以他们的rbac权限都要分配。
创建namespace:dev
创建ServiceAccount:dev-user1
给相应权限,并绑定ServiceAccount。

3. 实现

3.1 分配dashboard权限

kubectl apply -f dev-user1.yaml

---
# ServiceAccount
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: dev-user1
  namespace: dev

---
# role
kind: Role
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  namespace: dev
  name: role-dev-user1
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["pods"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "delete", "update", "patch"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["pods/portforward", "pods/proxy"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["pods/log"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: ["extensions", "apps"]
  resources: ["deployments"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch", "create", "update", "patch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["namespaces"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["events"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: ["apps", "extensions"]
  resources: ["replicasets"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list", "create", "update", "pathch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["configmaps"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list", "create", "update", "pathch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["persistentvolumeclaims"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["secrets"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["services"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list", "create", "update", "pathch", "delete"]
- apiGroups: ["extensions"]
  resources: ["ingresses"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: ["apps"]
  resources: ["daemonsets"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: ["batch"]
  resources: ["jobs"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: ["batch"]
  resources: ["cronjobs"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["replicationcontrollers"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: ["apps"]
  resources: ["statefulsets"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources: ["endpoints"]
  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]

---
# role bind
kind: RoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: role-bind-dev-user1
  namespace: dev
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: dev-user1
  namespace: dev
roleRef:
  kind: Role
  name: role-dev-user1
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

#---
## clusterrole
#kind: ClusterRole
#apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
#metadata:
#  namespace: dev
#  name: clusterrole-dev-user1
#rules:
#- apiGroups: [""]
#  resources: ["namespaces"]
#  verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
#
#---
## clusterrole bind
#kind: ClusterRoleBinding
#apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
#metadata:
#  name: clusterrole-bind-dev-user1
#  namespace: dev
#subjects:
#- kind: ServiceAccount
#  name: dev-user1
#  namespace: dev
#roleRef:
#  kind: ClusterRole
#  name: clusterrole-dev-user1
#  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

3.2 分配kubeapps权限

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubeapps/kubeapps/master/docs/user/manifests/kubeapps-applications-read.yaml
kubectl create -n dev rolebinding dev-user1-view \
  --clusterrole=kubeapps-applications-read \
  --serviceaccount dev:dev-user1
export KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE=kubeapps
kubectl apply -n $KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubeapps/kubeapps/master/docs/user/manifests/kubeapps-repositories-read.yaml
kubectl create -n dev rolebinding dev-user1-edit \
  --clusterrole=edit \
  --serviceaccount dev:dev-user1
kubectl create -n $KUBEAPPS_NAMESPACE rolebinding dev1-user1-kubeapps-repositories-read \
  --role=kubeapps-repositories-read \
  --serviceaccount dev:dev-user1

token获取:

kubectl get -n dev secret $(kubectl get -n dev serviceaccount dev-user1 -o jsonpath='{.secrets[].name}') -o jsonpath='{.data.token}' | base64 --decode

3.3 生成kubeconfig

通过token方式访问kube-apiserver

# 创建 kubectl config 文件
# 设置集群参数
kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
  --insecure-skip-tls-verify=true \
  --server="https://192.168.105.99:8443"
# 设置客户端认证参数
kubectl config set-credentials dev-user1 \
  --token='上文中获取到的token' 
# 设置上下文参数
kubectl config set-context kubernetes \
  --cluster=kubernetes \
  --user=dev-user1  \
  --namespace=dev 
# 设置默认上下文
kubectl config use-context kubernetes

注意
配置kubeconfig时指定路径,以免覆盖已有配置,--kubeconfig=configpath

也可以直接创建文件config,修改内容即可。

apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    insecure-skip-tls-verify: true
    server: https://192.168.105.99:8443
  name: kubernetes
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: kubernetes
    namespace: dev
    user: dev-user1
  name: kubernetes
current-context: kubernetes
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users:
- name: dev-user1
  user:
    token: eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImtpZCI6IiJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJrdWJlcm5ldGVzL3NlcnZpY2VhY2NvdW50Iiwia3ViZXJuZXRlcy5pby9zZXJ2aWNlYWNjb3VudC9uYW1lc3BhY2UiOiJkZXYiLCJrdWJlcm5ldGVzLmlvL3NlcnZpY2VhY2NvdW50L3NlY3JldC5uYW1lIjoiZGV2LXVzZXIxLXRva2VuLTJsbDlnIiwia3ViZXJuZXRlcy5pby9zZXJ2aWNlYWNjb3VudC9zZX291bnQubmFtZSI6ImRldi11c2VyMSIsImt1YmVybmV0ZXMuaW8vc2VydmljZWFjY291bnQvc2VydmljZS1hY2NvdW50LnVpZCI6IjdiY2Q4N2E1LWM0NGEtMTFlOC1iY2I5LTAwMGMyOWVhM2UzMCIsInN1YiI6InN5c3RlbTpzZXJ2aWNlYWNjb3VudDpkZXY6ZGV2LXVzZXIxIn0.1M84CPHY-GoyeaRFyBcD49GTwG5o0HMhN8lVsH9GDiqdui-1ppyi3JMONRJ9aWdswEF7-wsb5d4MQEk-9z5yiVh2r8SMP0EhcUR5ierntzD1bwwwuYzDxE4vHAuPB1tTxM0fOL3H-BOjt68iBKmOtRJumx8LzSUleQiNBBqR1B_yRLqrO6yslw44WC432O5g1v

4. 测试验证

windows kubectl命令安装

命令下载:
https://storage.googleapis.com/kubernetes-release/release/v1.12.0/bin/windows/amd64/kubectl.exe

然后将其放至系统PATH目录下,比如c:\Windows
命令使用时,可使用cmd、powershell或者其它命令提示行工具。推荐使用Git Bash,因为安装过Git,则安装了此工具。

kubeconfig文件
kubeconfig文件,即上文件中生成的config文件。
文件名为config,文件放到 ~/.kube/下(~为用户家目录),因为kubectl命令默认读取此文件,否则每次使用kubectl命令,需要用参数--kubeconfig=configpath指定。

kubectl get pod -n dev
kubectl port-forward svc/dev-mysql-mysqlha 3306:3306 -n dev

参考资料:
[1] https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/access-authn-authz/rbac/
[2] https://blog.qikqiak.com/post/add-authorization-for-kubernetes-dashboard/
[3] https://github.com/kubeapps/kubeapps/blob/master/docs/user/access-control.md
[4] https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/generated/kubectl/kubectl-commands#config
[5] https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl/#configure-kubectl

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